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TB is becoming a worldwide problem and it was declared since 1993 by the World Health Organization (WHO), a global health emergency. The current problem of tuberculosis therapy is the emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains, caused by the improper use of antibiotics in chemotherapy of TB patients. Azatidinones, a β-lactam cyclic amide with four atoms in a ring, has been considered as a magic moiety (wonder nucleus) which possesses almost all types of biological activities. This diversity in the biological response profile has attracted the attention of many researchers to explore this skeleton to its multiple potential against several activities. Present article is sincere attempt to review chemistry, method of synthesis of azatidinones and to study azatidinones synthesized in last few years which have shown potent antitubercular activity.