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Vision impairment remains a major health problem worldwide. Elevated intraocular pressure is a prime risk factor for blindness in the elderly. Netarsudil is a Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, which also inhibits norepinephrine transport. This narrative review summarizes the properties and clinical significance of netarsudil, a promising drug in topical glaucoma therapy. We searched PubMed, Medline and Scopus databases using relevant keywords to retrieve information on the physicochemical properties, formulation, mechanism of action, clinical pharmacokinetics, dose and toxicity of netarsudil. Netarsudil showed promising effects in lowering the elevated intraocular pressure by two mechanisms. The US FDA approved netarsudil for clinical use in 2017 under the trademark of Rhopressa® while European Medicines Agency approved Rhokiinsa® in 2019. This drug is available as a 0.02% ophthalmic solution for once-daily topical application. The discovery of netarsudil is a breakthrough in the therapy of glaucoma with proven efficacy in a wide range of eye pressures and is well tolerated in cases with ocular hypertension and chronic glaucoma.

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