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Calcium dysregulation and mitochondrial dysfunction are key elements in the development of sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction. Evidences have suggested that inhibition of Wnt/β-Catenin signalling prevents cardiac dysfunction and remodelling in surgical, hypertension and pressure overload models. The present study investigated the effects of Wnt/β-Catenin inhibitor on calcium overload and mitochondrial dysfunction in rat sepsis model of cardiomyopathy. Induction of sepsis by cecal ligation puncture (CLP) resulted in the up-regulation of cardiac β-catenin transcriptional levels and cardiac dysfunction depicted by increased serum lactate dehydrogenase, CK-MB levels reduced maximum (dp/dt max.) and minimum developed pressure (dp/dt min.), increased LVEsDP and relaxation constant tau values. Moreover, oxidative and inflammatory stress, immune cell infiltration, increased myeloperoxidase activity, enhanced caspase-3 activity and fibronectin protein levels were observed in septic rat’s heart. Also, septic rat’s heart displayed mitochondrial dysfunction due to mPTP opening, increased calcium up-regulation in left ventricular apex tissues and whole heart, increased collagen staining, necrosis and structural damage. Pre-treatment with Wnt/β-Catenin antagonist attenuated sepsis-induced serum and tissue biochemical changes, cardiac dysfunction and structural alterations by inhibiting mitochondrial mPTP opening and restricting calcium overloading in cardiac tissue.

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